How It Works


Sources:

Effect of NASA Light-Emitting Diode Irradiation on Wound Healing

Efficacy of Red Light Therapy in knee osteoarthritis (randomized double-blind study)

Reduction in Fine Lines, Wrinkles, and Skin Roughness 

Prevention and Treatment of Human Oral Mucositis Induced by Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy

 

 

 

History of Red Light therapy

    Red light therapy was first discovered by Niels Ryberg Finsen. Where he studied the effects of light therapy on a variety of conditions. Winning a Nobel prize for his work using light therapy to cure lupus, and the successful treatment of small pox. 

     Since his work red, blue, and near infrared light therapy has been heavily researched by the likes of NASA. Over 4000 studies have show the efficacy and benefits of using red light therapy. 

Red Light therapy has been used by NASA to promote faster cellular growth and aid in healing. NASA has also studied its effects to reduce the negative side effects of chemotherapy in cancer patients. Because of NASA's intensive study of red light therapy on Astronauts, Navy SEALS, and cancer patients, the use of red light therapy is FDA approved as a non-invasive healing and anti-aging treatment.

How does it work

     The mitochondria converts the energy from the red light (650/670nm) into ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate). As the production of ATP increases, so does the cells ability to preform its functions up to 200% from the use of red light therapy. Red light at 650/670nm releases Nitric Oxide from the hemoglobin. (650/670nm) of light activate the enzyme called citocrrome coxitate

 

     All living organisms need to make cellular energy called ATP or adenosine triphosphate. ATP provides our cells with usable energy. The production of ATP is produced threw a process called cellular respiration.

Steps of cellular respiration

1. Glycolysis

2. Pyruvate Oxidation

3. Kreb's Cycle

4. Oxidative Phosphorylation

Reference "Basic Photomedicine" Ying-Ying Huang, Pawel Mroz, and Michael R. Hamblin, Harvard Medical School

     Cellular respiration is mostly contained in the mitochondria, the "powerhouse" of the cell. Oxidative Phosphorylation, 4th step is where research shows red light therapy is most effective. It involves a electron transport chain. Electrons move up and down this chain, which in turn releases energy that's used to pump protons out of the matrix, which forms a gradient. Then the Protons flow back into the matrix through an enzyme called ATP synthase, This process creates ATP.

     The enzyme ATP synthase comes from CCO (cytochrome c oxidase). Which helps oxygen bind with NADH (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide + hydrogen), the necessary hydrogen ions that produce ATP synthase. This means Oxygen + NADH is crucial to cellular function.

Unhealthy Cells

     When our bodies are injured, sick, and stressed, the mitochondria in our cells produce excess nitric oxide. During the creation of ATP synthase, nitric oxide interferes with oxygen and binds to the CCO, Stopping the production of ATP. This is where red light therapy comes in.

Red Light Therapy

     Red light (in proper nm and intensity) is able to break the bond between nitric oxide and CCO. Allowing oxygen in your cell to bind with NADH, restoring the pathways for the hydrogen ions to produce ATP synthase. So the red light frees up your CCO to allow production of ATP.

     By restoring the production of ATP, our normal cellular metabolism can resume or be accelerated. Once our cells are healthy again through this process of red light therapy we can see its clinically proven benifits.

Results of Red Light therapy ( LLLT)

  • Increase in collagen production
  • Improved anti-inflammatory emissions
  • Enhanced circulation threw the formation of new capillaries
  • Reduction of joint inflammation and pain
  • Increased muscle recovery
  • Peak athletic performance

 

 Summary: Red light therapy (650-670nm) restores natural cellular function